Fifteen pubs have closed in Dundee in the last year, new figures have revealed.
Licensees claim an “unfair” rates system and high levels of beer tax have combined to “knock the stuffing” out of drinking establishments.
Fife has seen more pubs shut than anywhere else in Scotland over the last eight years, with 30 pubs closing since 2010 as more people choose to drink at home.
Fifteen pubs closed in Perth and Kinross during the same period, along with five in Angus.
Dundee Licensed Trade Association president David Glass, mine host at Doc Ferry’s in Broughty Ferry, said the past year has been difficult.
He said: “There are spiralling rates, which is a huge issue.
“Our rates went up more than 100% before they capped the increase at 12.5%.
“But you had to pay the higher rate and then claim that back.”