Starting someone’s heart, dislodging food when a person is choking and stopping a fatal bleed.
They’re all crucial lifesaving skills — and people can learn them right here in Dundee.
As the Tele continues its Learn to be a Lifesaver campaign — aimed at getting folk to sign up to take part in a first aid course — we are highlighting the specific skills people can learn when they go through medical training.
The campaign is inspired by the actions of Dundee postie Nicola Johnson, who used CPR to save an unconscious woman she found on one of her rounds.
A wide variety of courses, aimed at giving people the tools they need to deal with a raft of different emergencies, are on offer in the city and surrounding area.
From simple techniques, which could buy people extra time until emergency services arrive, to dealing with a child that has taken seriously ill, they can all be taught to members of the public within just a few hours.
As its name suggests, Heartstart Discovery trains people in dealing with heart problems. However, the organisation also offers a range of other training at its sessions.
Local co-ordinator of Heartstart Helen Brady said it provided free two-hour sessions to encourage as many people as possible to learn these skills.
She added: “They are easy to learn and no medical knowledge is necessary.
“We offer training on a wide variety of skills. These include caring for an unconscious person who is breathing, caring for an unconscious person who is not breathing and performing CPR, how to recognise the signs and symptoms of a heart attack and how to deal with that, helping someone who is choking and helping someone is bleeding badly.”
She said they would be happy to organise training sessions on request for groups, organisations, clubs and schools.
Meanwhile, the British Red Cross provides courses for first aid on babies and children.
A spokesman said: “We offer a range of first aid courses for people over the age of 16 who want to learn first aid for their everyday life, rather than as a requirement of their job.”
The organisation further offers first aid at work courses and general first aid for treating conditions such as heavy bleeding, stroke, broken bones, head injuries, choking, lack of breathing, diabetes, poisoning, burns and asthma attacks.
“We also cover first aid for babies, children and adults. You don’t need to have any previous experience just a willingness to learn and take part in practical exercises which build your confidence in dealing with emergency scenarios,” the spokesman added.
The Red Cross is offering courses in Dundee in October and November. To book go to the following website redcrossfirstaidtraining.co.uk.
Leisure and Culture in Dundee also runs its own first aid training courses.
Training coordinator Paul McKeague said: “We offer flexible, friendly and easy to follow training covering a wide range of topics including first aid for adult, child and baby casualties.,
“We also offer emergency first aid at work courses.”
First aid courses can be booked through a variety of organisations:
Heartstart Discovery: 01382 740400
British Red Cross: 0845 564 8835
Save a Life Scotland: www.savealife.scot
Community First Responders Carnoustie: 07515 109382
Leisure & Culture Dundee: 01382 432320