Bronze Age silver coins, weapon fragments and many other treasures were found in Dundee and Angus over the past year.
They are currently in the care of the Crown’s Treasure Trove Unit in Edinburgh and will be allocated to museums across the region.
One item, a crucifix from the 17th century, is due to be delivered to McManus Galleries in Dundee next week.
Christina Donald, curator and heritage officer for early history at McManus, said: “It’s not in the best condition. It’s just a little fragment, but the history behind it is quite interesting because it hints at a secret Catholic community here.”
The crucifix is cast in lead alloy, which is highly unusual, and is decorated with three dice to signify the narrative of the crucifixion of Jesus and the soldiers casting lots for his possessions.
While fragments of a sword and axehead, a post-medieval signature seal, an ornate gold ring and 49 coins were found in Angus between April last year and March this year, the crucifix was the only find in Dundee itself.
As a result, the McManus curatorial team are particularly excited about the religious artefact, as they often miss out on the annual treasures.
“We rarely get things that have been found in Dundee,” said Christina. “It’s usually metal detectors that find things in Angus and Perth, so their museums usually get these things.”
On July 3, when the crucifix will arrive at the gallery, another artefact should also be on its way.
Christina said: “A seal was found in St Andrews, but it’s actually from Dundee so we should be getting that too.
“A merchant would have used it to sign letters. It’s like a stamp. We have a lot of things in the museum that show trade came into Dundee, but this shows someone out and about.
“It’s quite useful to have a couple of things coming in.”
The items found in Angus will be sent to Montrose Museum and the Kirriemuir Gateway to the Glens Museum.
The coins, known as the Kirriemuir Hoard, are from the Scottish Wars of Independence.
Cast from silver, the majority of them depict Edward I of England or his son Edward II, although one shows the likeness of Scots king John Balliol.
Treasure Trove Unit officer Dr Natasha Ferguson explained the significance of the coins.
She said: “During that period in the 13th and 14th centuries, because of the wars, the last coins to be minted were by John Balliol in 1296.
“The next minting wasn’t until 1320, so there was a 13-year period when there weren’t any Scottish coins being made and the people had to rely on English money.”
People who find treasure in Scotland have a legal responsibility to inform the Crown Office.
When an object is reported it’s analysed and then either given back to the finder or allocated to a museum. A level of compensation is calculated independently by heritage experts and then taken out of the individual museum’s budget.
Natasha added: “There’s no market for archaeology objects in Scotland, so we have to go by English evaluations.
“It can range from five pounds to thousands.”
Elsewhere in the country various interesting items were dug up by enthusiastic teams of archaeologists and opportunistic hobbyists.
A political medal commemorating the defeat of the Jacobites at the Battle of Culloden in 1746 was found in Cowie near Stirling.
The pewter copy of a well-known bronze version could have been one of many produced to take advantage of anti-Jacobite feeling after the battle. It has been allocated to Stirling Smith Art Gallery & Museum.
A gold ring in the shape of a human skeleton was found in Culross, Fife and will be given to Fife Cultural Trust.
It is engraved with the word ‘Cogita Mori’ which means ‘remember death’ and would have been a fashion as well as a religious item for its 16th-century wearer.
And a medieval silver crucifix found at Loch Leven in Perth & Kinross shows Christ on the cross. Decorated with a large, blue, glass gem which is intended to look like a sapphire a stone believed to have magical protective powers at the time it will be displayed at Perth Museum and Art Gallery soon.