All newborn babies in Scotland born on or after May 1 this year will be offered vaccination against the vomiting and diarrhoea bug rotavirus.
The virus can affect babies and young children and can lead to dehydration and requiring hospital treatment.
The rotavirus vaccine introduction comes after a recommendation by the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation and will be part of the routine childhood immunisation programme and mainly given in GP surgeries.
Minister for Public Health Michael Matheson said: “The rotavirus vaccine has already been given safely to millions of babies around the world.
“Currently in Scotland, around 1,200 babies have to go to hospital every year due to severe diarrhoea and vomiting caused by rotavirus, and in some of the most serious cases that can result in a hospital stay.
“The vaccine will not only protect tens of thousands of children from the effects of rotavirus every year, it will cut down on costly hospital admissions and the anxiety of hospital stays for parents and children.”
Rotavirus is the first in a number of forthcoming additions to immunisation programmes. Childhood immunisation in Scotland is highly successful and a key contributor to protecting our public health.